Friday, October 8, 2010
Today concludes my posts from Cades Cove. I hope you have enjoyed all of them. If you didn't see yesterday's post, click HERE. You can see on the map on that post where the Cable Mill is. Today I will share more information and pictures from that area of Cades Cove.
Above is the Corn Crib. Corn was the most important crop in the cove. People ground it into meal for making bread and for some of the them to make moonshine. They fed it to the mules, horses, hogs and chickens.
Hogs grew fat on chestnuts and acorns in the fall. But their owners usually brought them in and fed them corn the final two weeks before butchering them. They said that the corn made the meat less greasy.
The place to store corn is a corn crib with cracks between the logs to allow air circulation to dry the corn. Some farmers shucked corn before storing it in the crib; others stored it with the shucks on. Corn shuckings sometimes were social events, where a fellow finding a red ear got to kiss a girl!!!
This is the Mill Flume. Starting near where the wooden flume dumps its load of water onto the top of the mill wheel, you can follow the path beside the flume to the earthen ditch and then continue beside the ditch to the milldam and the millpond behind the dam. A watergate at the dam is opened to send water down the millrace to the wheel.
This is the John P. Cable Mill, specifically the waterwheel. John P. Cable bought land in the 1860's. He built a water-powered grist mill and sawmill in about 1870. The same wheel provided power for both mills.
John Cable was a farmer in addition to being a miller. A son, James V. Cable, inherited the mill and operated it well into the 20th century. The park now operates the mill these days as a grist mill --so it is a great learning experience for those who visit this area.
Cantilever is a new word for me. This is the other barn on the property. It is the LeQuire Cantilever Barn. Large bars were common in the Cove where farmers neede shelter in the cold months for the livestock they grazed in the mountains during the warm season. The over-hang in cantilever barns such as this one provided shelter for animals, as well as storage space for farm equipment. Cantilever construction (counterweighted over-hanging beams) originated centuries ago in Europe.
The old lady takes a little 'rest' along the way. It was very warm that day --but we had a wonderful time.
Finally, I just have to show you one more of the different fences found in Cades Cove. There are many split-rail fences --but they also had this kind.... Do you like that little bench???? Let's go back --and we can 'sit a spell'....
Hope you enjoyed seeing more of Cades Cove... We may get back over that way when the leave change colors--but getting through the cove is hard in October due to the traffic.
I did today's post using the NEW EDITOR.... I've been experimenting this week --so decided to try it... I find that it is easier to put all of the words in first and then insert the photos, one by one --where I want them. I'm still having trouble trying to keep the words from wrapping around the picture --which I do NOT like.
I've also got much more blank space between things --which I need to work on. I think the hard-returns must be double-spaced from what I'm used to. I also had to change the photo sizes to get them to fit into my template. And some of my pictures are centered and some are to the left (just to fit). But--with more effort, it worked...
I truly don't see that much improvement from the old editor--but maybe I was just accustomed to the old one... I would appreciate any tips or thoughts on this --if you use the new editor and like it. Thanks!
Hope you have a great weekend. George and I will be working in the yard --since there are OODLES and OODLES of nuts/acorns falling from our trees. I try to keep them out of the flowerbeds --but right now, they are winning the battle!!!! ha..... See you Monday morning!!!
Thursday, October 7, 2010
This will be my ninth post from our August trip to Cades Cove in the Smoky Mountains, TN. After this post, there will be one more, and then that will conclude the blog posts talking about this wonderful, historical place. IF you missed any of the other posts from Cades Cove, you can scroll down on my right sidebar to Labels --and then click on Cades Cove 2010.
These last two posts are from one of the most popular stopping places along the 11-mile loop tour in Cades Cove. The picture above shows the loop --and you can see the Cable Mill stop at the bottom left corner. George made this map from Google by using our Geotagger--following our route. Below are more pictures with some information I have put together about the area.
Looking at the Gregg-Cable House in the distance (talked about in a previous post), you can see the Sorghum Mill on the right. Molasses-making was a social event. The sorghum cane stalks were cut in the fall and stripped of their leaves. Then they are run through the rollers of the mill, powered by horses or mules ---pulling the long pole, and going around in a circle.
The rollers pressed out the cane juice, which was boiled in the furnace (center in photo). Other native sweeteners were honey, maple syrup, and maple sugar. Trees whose nectar made great honey were sourwood, basswood, and chestnut.
I showed the house and talked about its history in a previous post (click HERE), but hadn't shown the interesting chimney. Seldom do we see a chimney built from river rocks... Isn't this one neat????
George is standing at one of two barns on this property. This type of barn, with the drive-through in the center and the stalls on each side, was more typical in East Tennessee than the cantilever barn. Two men with pitchforks, one on a wagon load of hay in the drive-through and the other in the loft, could transfer the hay to the loft in a short time.
The hay was fed to draft animals and milk cows in the stalls below during winter months when grass in the fields was poor. The drive-through sometimes served as a storage place for farm equipment.
This was the Blacksmith Shop. Iron was essential in the Cove, and the blacksmith was its master. Every farm community had a blacksmith. With his strong muscles and heavy hammer, the blacksmith shaped white-hot steel into the tools of living: axes, knives, bolts and bits, chains and hooks, the bull tongue plow and the wagon tire.
Iron from the fire is very malleable, capable of being shaped and reshaped from one tool to another. A broken crosscut saw can be remade into butcher knives; a worn-out hatchet can become a hammer, provided there is a blacksmith to perform the magic.
This is the Smokehouse. It was where large sections of hogs were cured by smoking or salting and then stored for use until the next hog-killing time, usually during a cold spell in November or early December.
IF you wanted ham for breakfast, you carried a butcher knife to the smokehouse, took down a ham and cut off as many slices as you needed. Large families sometimes killed nearly a dozen hogs.
The meat from deer or bear was not easily cured and was eaten fresh. People ate lots of chicken for Sunday dinner. A chicken was killed, cleaned, cooked and eaten the same day.
I hope you are enjoying not only the photos, but especially the information I have provided. When I was young, I didn't care much at all about history. BUT--now that I'm older and much WISER, I can't get enough of history... Doing Family History has helped me --since I can relate my ancestors to so much of what went on here in Cades Cove. Life wasn't easy for the pioneers back then... I'll post Part II tomorrow.
Have a wonderful Thursday.
Thursday, September 23, 2010
Many people go to Cades Cove JUST to see the wildlife... Wild turkeys are common in the Cove and many visitors are lucky enough to see them, like us!!!! Other wildlife which can be seen at times are: skunks, squirrels, rabbits, chipmunks, copperheads, timber rattlesnakes, woodchucks, river otters, coyotes, and less frequently-- gray foxes, red foxes, raccoons, or bobcats.
Besides deer, people come to Cades Cove to see the black bears. Since we didn't see any on this trip, I don't have any pictures today... BUT--- we have seen them in the Cove.. IF you drive the Loop Road very early in the morning or late afternoon (dusk), you will definitely see more deer and bears. We just happened to be there in the middle of the day this time.
There are many birds in the park and the Cove as you can imagine. Obviously, the Woodpeckers have enjoyed this tree!!!!
Before the park service took over the Cove, there weren't many deer left in the Cove. But--after hunting was banned, the population grew and grew. If you go to Cades Cove and drive around the loop road, you will probably see some deer most anytime of the day. A virus killed almost 80% of the deer population in the 1970's , but the deer population came back quickly. This one had his eye on ME!!!! ha
Like every mountainous area, there are also predators. Red wolves were introduced into the Cove in the 1990's--but they didn't do well. They were later located somewhere else. The black bears kill fawns and even adult deer, IF they can catch them.
Then there are the wild hogs/boar. You can see from the pictures above and below --that they are trying to capture some of the wild boar and get them out of the park. These predators came to America from Europe to a game preserve in Graham County, NC --which is south of the park, in 1912. They found their way into the park about 1950. They have expanded their territory to nearly every section of the park.
This is the trap used to capture the Wild Hogs. They root up large areas in search of food, and they damage small high-country streams by wallowing in them. They compete with native animals for sometimes-scarce food. Because of these destructive habits and because the hogs are non-native, the Park Service has been trying to hold their numbers as low as possible. Their damage has been lessened in recent years.
Wildflower lovers love to come to Cades Cove. They say that exotic plants in the Cove outnumber exotic animals. I didn't take time to look for many wildflowers during this trip---but did take pictures of a few along the way... I like this picture because of all of the bees and bugs enjoying it also!!!
Isn't this a pretty white flower? I'm sure that some of my blog friends know what this is --so if you do, please let us know!!!! Thanks!
Finally, here is a butterfly I captured a picture of. I had to ask my butterfly-expert friends to tell me what this one is... First, we thought it was a Silvery Checkerspot --but then realized (since this is a SMALL one) that it is a Pearl Crescent... Isn't it pretty?????
Hope you enjoyed seeing the "Flowers and Fauna" in Cades Cove... The neat thing about Cades Cove is that everytime we visit there, we see different things!!!!! SO--I'm sure we will go back --and take pictures of many more beautiful things in the Smokies.. What a fabulous place!!
We found our favorite EATING apple in the produce market today.... I have talked about it before --but if you like crunchy, tart --yet sweet apples, try a HONEY CRISP.. They are delicious!!!!!
Hope you have a great remainder of the week and weekend... I am taking a Blog Break beginning today... I'll blog again on Monday....
Wednesday, September 22, 2010
I have included the map of the Cades Cove Loop Road again in this post -so that you can see where the cabins are that I have chosen to share in today's blog. If you have not read any of the history of Cades Cove (which is in the Smoky Mountains), please click HERE. You can read some great information on that site.
This is the Dan Lawson Place (No. 14 on the map). Dan Lawson built this house in 1856, on land bought from his father-in-law, Peter Cable, whose home stood to the west, across the stream. The brick chimney, unusual for the time and locale, was built of bricks, made on the site.
This is the Carter Shields Cabin (No. 16 on the map). A wound suffered in the Battle of Shiloh left George Washington "Carter" Shields crippled for life. Shortly after the war, he married and moved to Kansas. He returned to Cades Cove in 1906 and bought this property in 1910. One would think that an old soldier could find contentment in such a lovely nook. But Shields lived here only 11 years before leaving again.
I love seeing Split Rail Fences --and the Smokies have alot of them... The Pioneers marked their property by using these fences. This particular fence was at the Carter Shields Cabin.
This is one of the most popular tourist places in Cades Cove --since this property contains a Grist Mill. I will have an entire post on this property. The house above is called the Gregg-Cable House (No. 11 on the map). Lawson Gregg bought an acre of land from John P. Cable in 1879, and built a small house on it with lumber sawed at Cable's mill. He later enlarged the house from time to time. He and his family lived in it, and operated a store on the first floor. This house is believed to be the first all-frame house in the Cove.
Here is the inside of the Gregg-Cable House. Looks like at one time, they had a fireplace --and then replaced it with a stove.
In 1887, Rebecca Cable and her brother Dan bought the house and an acre their father had sold to Gregg eight years earlier. They operated the store for about 8 more years, and then turned the house into a boarding house.
Rebecca Cable was a strong woman, and she operated the home and took care of her sick brother's children. She took care of the farm and cattle-raising chores and lived a long and successful life. She owned more than 600 acres of land. She died at the age of 96 in 1940. After her death, the house was moved from its original site on the Forge Creek Road to this location... (WOW---I like that woman!!)
I showed you this cabin in another post --but wanted to show you the cabin again. This is the John Oliver Cabin (No. 2 on the map). IF you haven't seen my other post talking about this cabin, click HERE.
Here's another Split Rail Fence... Do you really think that I like these fences???? I love them!!!! This fence is found at the Gregg-Cable House.
I hope you enjoyed seeing some of the little cabins at Cades Cove. My favorite is STILL the John Oliver Cabin since it is secluded at the bottom of the mountain....
Have a wonderful Wednesday. We're just doing what we can to stay COOL here.
Thursday, September 16, 2010
UP--UP--UP we went!!! We took a gravel road across Rich Mountain (between Cades Cove and Townsend) on Thursday, September 9th. IF you missed Part I of our journey, click HERE. Today I will share with you some more pictures from our little trip. The picture above shows the road below us ---as we take the switch-backs up that mountain... This is an incredible area!!!! Below are more!
We stopped along the way ---and in this particular area, we took a little hike. We were looking for another overlook --so that we could see more of Cades Cove, but we didn't find one. It was a nice little trail though ---and we enjoyed the hike.
While on the trail, I saw this adorable little purple flower. My Sweetie put on his macro lens --and took this great picture. Isn't this a gorgeous little wildflower?
George can tell you how much I love Fall ---especially RED trees.... Not many trees had turned in the Smokies when we were there, but I got very very excited seeing this gorgeous red leaf.... Fall is truly coming!!!!! Yeah!
The dogwoods were beginning to 'turn' ---so we captured some pictures.
In the last Rich Mountain post, I mentioned that George had to climb up a bank in order to get some pictures of Cades Cove above the trees... There's some old girl watching him climb that bank making sure that he didn't take a tumble. (He stayed on his feet really well!!!)
Like I said, we do want to go back up that mountain when the leaves are off the trees. I think we'll get many more pictures showing Cades Cove then.
I'm sure that some of you bloggers know what these berries are. I have no idea--but I was hoping there would be some little birds around grabbing them. But there were no birds in sight at that time.... Sigh!!!! (UPDATE: Thanks to LINDA from PA for telling me that they are Elderberries!!)
Eeee Yi Yi..... A very pregnant tree!!!!!! ha ha ha..... OR---if not that, it's the biggest WART I've ever seen!!!!! Yipes!
Well--this concludes our little trip across Rich Mountain... I'm sure we will go back --and then you will be the lucky one to see more of our crazy pictures!!! (Tee Hee)
Some of you may notice that I changed from the pull-down comment menu to the full page one... The pull down form has been causing trouble to people trying to post comments on my blog. Either the menu comes up blank, or you get "Service Unavailable".... I don't want my wonderful commenters to have that kind of problem.
I love the pull-down one ---and hope that Blogger will eventually get it fixed.. I will admit that the pull-down one can get frustrating when I hit the PUBLISH button--and then don't have a clue whether my comment published or not... That's why I do multiple comments at times --being impatient waiting for Blogger to tell me that my comment was published.
Have a great Thursday!!!
Tuesday, September 14, 2010
After visiting the Methodist Church in Cades Cove last Thursday, we drove somewhere we have never been before. We drove across Rich Mountain on a one-way gravel road.... It was FANTASTIC---and we had a great day. Here are some pictures taken as we went over that mountain... Above is the sign telling about the road. Below are more!
Here's what the road ahead of us looked like for the most part. I'm glad it was one-way --so that we didn't have to worry about traffic going the other direction. The road was in fair shape --with some big ruts in places that Mrs. P (and George) did a great job of missing!!! Overall, it was fun being 'way back' in the mountains!!!!
We stopped at an overlook so that we could see Cades Cove. Enlarge this picture and you will see the Methodist Church that I talked about in yesterday's post... Click HERE if you missed that post.
This picture is looking toward the right ---from that overlook. Cades Cove is a beautiful valley surrounded by mountains.
This picture was taken looking toward the left. You can see the gorgeous Smoky Mountains --and some of Cades Cove.
On farther up the mountain, we found another small overlook. We need to go back when the leaves are off of the trees to get better pictures of the cove from this spot. George had to climb up a bank above the road to get this picture.
There wasn't much Fall color yet in the mountains, but you can see some color on the dogwood tree toward the right side of this picture.
Finally, we made it to the other side.. This picture was taken on the Tuckaleechee side of Townsend, TN. In the 1820's, when there were no schools in Cades Cove, the children from the 'cove' were transported across that mountain to attend school in Tuckaleechee Cove. Since it was a rugged trip across the mountain, the children were boarded at the school there.
Pictured above is Rich Mountain --which we had just crossed!!!!
We love our geo-tracker--- because it not only keeps track of where we take our pictures. It also tracks our entire trip!!!! Enlarge the map above and you can see where we went last Thursday. We went the same way both coming and going until we got to Townsend. We took the road to the left around and into Cades Cove. Then we turned right, to go over Rich Mountain.
Once we got to the bottom of the other side of Rich Mountain, we got lost. We went the wrong way TWICE --trying to get back out to the highway. Our GPS (which could have helped tremendously) wasn't with us that day (due to a recall), and the roads were not marked. SO--we just took a couple of side trips --the WRONG WAY....
On the map above, you can see where we turned right and sorta went around in a circle once, and then went to the end of another road before turning around and trying again. Finally, we went LEFT and then had no trouble getting back out to the highway... It was a fun side trip though... George did his blog yesterday on this and published a close-up map of our Townsend adventure as we tried to get out of that area without our GPS!!!! Click HERE to read what he said about this adventure!!!!
I have one more set of Rich Mountain pictures which I will share with you soon.
Have a wonderful Tuesday.